How to Present Digital Evidence (Even without an Expert Witness)

Cases today will have some form of digital component but not all digital evidence will be subject to forensics or be properly presented due to lack of well-trained investigators.


Trial and Pre-Trial Skills

Credit Unit





11/17/2025 12:00:00 AM


Devices like computers and other gadgets are used as instruments for committing crimes. 

Thanks to the booming science of digital evidence, forensics, law enforcement, and the justice system now uses digital technology not only to fight crimes but also to serve as a tool to provide judicial remedies.

This course aims to help you minimize your level of anxiety in presenting digital or electronic evidence in court. This will guide you in presenting digital evidence at no or the least possible cost (expert witness not needed!). This will also clear the misconception that digital evidence is better than other kinds of evidence. 

At the end of this course, you should be able to: 

  • Differentiate digital evidence from digital forensics
  • List the sources of digital evidence that a party may use to a court case at trial
  • Discuss when to present digital evidence
  • Identify the rules of admissibility when presented with digital evidence, and
  • Explain the ways to authenticate digital evidence. 

Course Status


Course Price


when you avail the Full Compliance (36 Units) bundle


Regular price for 1 credit unit course



RTC Judge

Judge Rosario Orda-Caise is the current Judge of Makati Regional Trial Court Branch 234. She previously served as a Judge in RTC Bacolod City, Branch 48, from 2013 to 2018; and as a Judge in Metropolitan Trial Court Alaminos, Laguna, from 2007 to 2013.

She earned her Bachelor of Laws from Arellano University School of Law. She then pursued a Master of Business Administration at Nanyang Technological University in Singapore. She is currently completing her Master of Law at the University of the Philippines, Diliman.

Judge Orda-Caise taught Labor Standards and Practice Court 1 at Arellano University School of Law; Criminal Procedure and Specials Laws at the Philippine National Police Academy; and Practice Court 1 at the University of St. La Salle in Bacolod. She is currently a Professorial Lecturer at the Philippine Judicial Academy.